On November 3, 2017, Université de Montréal launched a joint construction process for the Montréal declaration for the developer responsible for artificial intelligence (Montréal Declaration). A year later, the results of this citizen’s consideration were public. A dozen of event was held to stimulate the discussion about social problems that arose with artificial intelligence (AI), and 15 deliberation workshops were held for three months, which involved more than 500 residents, and experts from all backgrounds.
The Montréal Declaration is a collective work that aims to direct the development of AI to support the common good and guide social change by making recommendations with strong democratic legitimacy.
The construction method with the selected citizens is based on the initial declaration of general ethical principles compiled in around seven (7) fundamental values: welfare, autonomy, justice, privacy, knowledge, democracy, and responsibilities. Following the process, the declaration is enriched and now presents 10 principles based on the following values: welfare, autonomy, intimacy and privacy, solidarity, democracy, equality, inclusion, warnings, warnings, and environmental sustainability.
For the first time in human history, it is possible and recognizes and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize and recognize object classification. Given the immaterial nature of these tasks, and by analogy with human intelligence, we designate these high-range systems under the general name of artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence constitutes an important form of scientific and technological progress, which can generate considerable social benefits by improving living and health conditions, facilitating justice, creating wealth, strengthening public safety, and mitigating the impact of human activities on the Environment and climate. Smart machines are not limited to making better calculations than human beings; They can also interact with sensible beings, keep them in their company and take care of them.
However, the development of artificial intelligence raises important ethical challenges and social risks. In fact, smart machines can restrict the elections of individuals and groups, lower standards of life, interrupt the organization of work and labor market, influence politics, and collide with fundamental rights.